Ground penetrating radar (GPR) survey at the Nabataeo-Roman site of Wadi Ramm in Jordan
Case Studies in archaeological geophysics
The following case studies were selected from among hundreds of surveys performed by Archaeo-Physics staff members. Examples were selected to illustrate geophysical applications in a variety of contexts and issues in methodology and interpretation.
Magnetic prospection for datable materials
Thermal features, such as hearths and burned structures, are often detectable in magnetic surveys. These features are rich sources of archaeological data. In particular, thermal features are sought as sources of datable material. Most often this is carbon for radiometric dating, but they can also provide material to be dated by other techniques, including archaeomagnetism and thermoluminescence (magnetic).
- Airborne LiDAR: Light detection and ranging (LiDAR) is fast emerging as a cost-effective method of archaeological reconnaissance and assessment. The examples presented in these case studies represent a few selected examples of LiDAR modeling conducted by Archaeo-Physics. (LiDAR, GPR, magnetic, resistance).
- Fort Juelson: A Black Hills war era defensive earthwork in Minnesota. A non-invasive investigation has defined the boundaries of the fort and identified several previously undocumented prehistoric burial mounds (aerial LiDAR, magnetic, resistance, GPR).
- Gladstone Shops: Ground pentrating radar survey of a 19th century railroad roundhouse and associated shops (GPR).
- Petaga Point : High-resolution survey of a Mdewaketon Dakota house feature dating to the late 17th - early 18th centuries (GPR, magnetic, resistance).
- The Kutoyis Bison Kill: A late prehistoric/ancestral Blackfoot buffalo jump and processing camp in northern Montana (magnetic).
- The Cambria Site : Large-area geophysical reconnaissance of a 19th century company coal mining town located in SE Kansas (magnetic, resistance).
- The Eastep site: investigating prehistoric burned rock features in southeast Kansas (magnetic; resistance; GIS integration)
- Mission San Antonio de Padua: a Colonial Spanish mission located in Monterey County, California. (GPR; magnetic; resistance)
- Pine Tree Mound Site: a Caddoan archaeological site in NE Texas. (magnetic; resistance; GPR; excavation results)
- The Buried City: a Plains Village period site in NW Texas. (magnetic; resistance, GPR, excavation results; radiocarbon dates; soil magnetic mineral analysis)
- Mehaffey Site: a late Archaic Period site in western Iowa. (magnetic; excavation results; soil magnetic mineral analysis)
- Historic Scots-Highlander Farmsteads: historic 19th century farmsteads and possible mid-18th century structures in North Carolina. (resistance; magnetic; soil magnetic mineral analysis)
- Mahram Bilqis: an ancient Sabaean temple located near Marib, in the Republic of Yemen (GPR; magnetic)
- Kanas Monument Site: historic Native American earth lodges in Kansas. Results will be used to guide excavations during the 2008 Kansas Archaeological Training Program field school (resistance; magnetic)
- TAS Field Program 2008: geophysical results from three Middle Ceramic period settlements in NW Texas. Results will be used to guide excavations during the 2008 TAS field program (magnetic; resistance; EM conductivity)
- San Buenaventura Mission: Spanish colonial mission and Victorian features beneath a modern parking lot in Ventura, California. Features animated imaging of 3D radar tomography (GPR)
- Sharps Creek Council Circle: earthworks and other features at a proto-historic site in Kansas (magnetic)
- Songbird Rings: stone (tipi) ring and hearth features at a prehistoric site on the High Plains (magnetic)
- The Wyandotte County Cemetery: mapping unmarked graves at an historic cemetery in Kansas City, Kansas (magnetic; resistance)
- Silver Bluf: an 18th century trading post and fort, South Carolina (GPR; magnetic; resistance)
- Aphrodisias: a Greek/Roman urban center, Turkey (resistance)
- San Marcos Pueblo historic mission, New Mexico (magnetic; resistance)
- Garden Coulee: a 19th century Hidatsa village, North Dakota (magnetic; resistance)
- The Huckins Site prehistoric campsite, Wyoming (magnetic; resistance)
- Location of Human Burials (GPR; magnetic; resistance)
- Sample Density and Resolution Illustrated: two case studies
- Falling Creek Ironworks: an early 17th century industrial site, Chesterfield County, Virginia (GPR; magnetic; resistance)
- Malodorous prehistoric campsite, Montana (magnetic)
- Magnetic "Pollution" of Archaeological sites (magnetic)
- Ellis Cemetery: an historic Euro-American cemetery, North Carolina (GPR)
- Krasnyi-Yar: Copper Age Botai Culture settlement, Kazakhstan (magnetic; resistance)
- 30-30 Winchester prehistoric campsite, Wyoming (magnetic)
- Tell Ahmar (Til Barsib) Syria (magnetic; resistance)
- Fort Phil Kearny historic military site, Wyoming (magnetic)
- Hidatsa Earth Lodges North Dakota (resistance)
- Odessa-Yates late prehistoric village, Oklahoma (GPR; magnetic; resistance)
- Kerkenes Dag Iron Age site, Turkey (magnetic)
- Army City historic military site at Fort Riley, Kansas (resistance)
- Chaves-Hummingbird Ruin Ancestral Pueblo site, New Mexico (magnetic; resistance)
- Fort Laramie historic military site, Wyoming (resistance)
- Shields Complex Ancestral Pueblo site, Crow Canyon Archaeological Center, Colorado (resistance)
- Prehistoric Houses at CA-ORA-116, California (magnetic; resistance)
- Central Park 19th century brewery, Grand Forks, North Dakota (resistance)
Recent Publications by Archaeo-Physics staff