Archaeo-Physics, LLC - geophysical survey and subsurface mapping
Site Evaluation Form

The following questionnaire may be filled out online, or you may download it as a .doc or .txt file and return it to us with an inquiry about a survey. Review of these questions will also help to make you aware of conditions that should be noted in the field that may be relevant to future geophysical survey.

For cemeteries and burials, use our cemetery evaluation form.

Of course, because of the unique nature of every project, we will ask for more specific information in working with you to determine feasibility and develop a survey design and budget.

Responses to this form and all other inquiries will be held in strict confidentiality.

Contact information:

Email address

Site information:

Site name:
Site location:
Cultural/temporal affiliation(s):
Site type/use:
Research goals:
Brief summary of research design:
Purpose of geophysical survey within research design:
Size of site (or area to be surveyed):
General environmental context:

Questions in the following sections largely concern issues of survey design and logistics and are not necessarily of concern in other types of archaeological investigations. Please try to address all questions that are applicable to your site.

Archaeological context:

If multiple components or occupations are present, which are of interest?
What types of features might be expected at the site?
What is the estimated depth to the tops and bottoms of features?
What is the physical composition of anticipated features (characterize construction materials, feature fill etc. in terms of organic content, grain size and other factors that contrast with the surrounding matrix)?
In the case of stone features, what type of stone is used (igneous? sedimentary?), and does it occur naturally on site?
If brick occurs at the site, is it fired or unfired?
Was iron or steel used for features or artifacts?
Are thermal features (e.g., hearths or forges) present or anticipated at the site?
Are there significant areas with single occupation episodes?
Is there complex stratigraphy, or repeated demolition and rebuilding?
Are features thought to be relatively coherent and undisturbed?
What processes and events have impacted the site, and to what extent?
Are soil, rock, and brick samples from features available for testing?
Landform/sedimentary context (e.g., floodplain, dissected upland):
What are the natural soils at the site (grain size? Soil development?)?
What is the parent material of the soils?
Are soils very alkaline?
Are soils fairly homogeneous (rocky or complex bedding)?
Are distinct natural strata (not soil horizons) present?
Are soils excessively dry or saturated?
Is there generally noticeable moisture in the soil within a few cm of the surface?
At the surface, is the soil usually hard, blocky, loose, sandy?
If soils are rocky:
What type of rock (sedimentary or igneous)?
Characterize the size and concentration of rocks
What is the depth to bedrock, and what is its composition?
Are samples of naturally occurring soil and rock available for testing?

Current land use/ground cover:

What are the surface conditions at the site (brush, buildings, modern metal, land use)?
Describe the vegetation at the site
What is the height and thickness of brush, grass etc.?
Do cactus or thorny brush grow thickly?
Is the survey area relatively contiguous and free from obstacles?
Describe obstacles to survey (buildings, fences, terrain).
Is the ground surface relatively smooth, or is it furrowed or broken?
Are there appreciable amounts of modern metal debris at the site?
Are there ferrous metal fences, buildings, utility lines, machinery, etc. at the site?
Will livestock be present?
Are photographs or maps of the site available?
If trees are present:
Do they grow thickly?
What is the type and size of trees?
Do the trees have many branches below shoulder height that would be obstacles to survey?
If cultivated:
What are the crops?
Are fields irrigated?
What condition will the field be in at the time of survey?
Will walking close-interval transects cause crop damage?




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